The Halliwick Concept
The Halliwick Concept was developed by the swimming instructor and engineer of hydromechanics James McMillan MBE and his wife Phyl McMillan, MBE in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Since then, the Concept has gradually spread out over the world. As a consequence the International Halliwick Association (IHA) was established in Bad Ragaz, Switzerland, in 1994.
For more information about the late James McMillian MBE and how the Halliwick Concept was initially developed see attached link to an article written by James’s wife, the late Phyl McMillian. The Halliwick Story
The Halliwick Concept 2010 a paper written by the IHA Education and Research Committee 2010 – Ann Gresswell, Aoife Ní Mhuirí, Bodil Fons Knudsen, Jean-Pierre Maes, Mauricio Koprowski Garcia, Merav Hadar-Frumer and Montserrat Gutierrez Bassas can be accessed here. Halliwick Concept 2000
The Halliwick Concept 2000 paper, on which the 2010 paper was based, was written by the IHA Education and Research Committee 2000 – Ann Gresswell, Bodil Fons Knudsen, Eva Corts, Jean-Pierre Maes, Karin Sitz and Roswitha Flury and can be accessed here. Halliwick Concept 2010
Another description about the Halliwick Concept was written by Patrick Hastings, Chair from 2000 – 2014 of the Halliwick Association of Swimming Therapy – UK (Halliwick AST) from material previously published by Halliwick AST and the IHA and can be accessed here. The Halliwick Concept: Developing the teaching of swimming to disabled people